birth is but a sleep and a forgetting:
Soul that rises with us, our life's Star,
had elsewhere its setting,
cometh from afar:
in entire forgetfulness,
not in utter nakedness,
trailing clouds of glory do we come
God, who is our home:
lies about us in our infancy!
of the prison-house begin to close
the growing Boy,
he beholds the light, and whence it flows,
sees it in his joy;
Youth, who daily farther from the east
travel, still is Nature's priest,
by the vision splendid
on his way attended;
length the Man perceives it die away,
fade into the light of common day.
William Wordsworth, Ode 536
is an innovative and comprehensive system for personal development.
It is effective in coaching, counselling and psychotherapy, and can
also be used as a self-help tool. It enables people to find their
innermost life path. Logosynthesis is simple, elegant, effective, and
easily conveyed. The system contains a model, principles for change
and actual interventions, embedded in a holistic view of human
nature. Logosynthesis has been derived from the principles of many
schools of change. Specialists from different schools of thought will
detect features of their models in Logosynthesis. However, the
combination of effective principles in Logosynthesis is new and
unique. Willem Lammers first introduced the concept in 2005, and
since then it has been expanded continuously. This article describes
the model, the method and the training system. The key concepts of
Suffering is primarily the result of
unawareness of our Essence and of our creative tasks.
Dissociated parts and introjects
prevent our being fully aware of and living through our core self.
Dissociated parts and introjects are
rigid energy structures existing in 3-dimensional space, rather than
abstract cognitive parts of mind.
The power of the word itself dissolves
these frozen structures and allows the energy they were holding captive
to be reclaimed into the Living Self.
example: Sarah, playing music
typical example is a following sequence from a coaching session I had
with Sarah, a 30-year old business manager. Sarah used to get anxious
if she had to play the piano
in front of
people. In the session, she resolved this issue with the help of
Logosynthesis, within a few minutes. The literal transcript of this
sequence follows here. The transcript starts after I asked her to
imagine the situation in which she experienced the fear:
Sarah: I watch
myself playing the piano, going all tense.
The coach gives her a
retrieve all my energy that bound up in this fear of playing the
Sarah, after repeating the
sentence, and being
silent for a while:
I become a bit
The coach gives her a second
retrieve all my energy from the person watching me play the piano,
and take it back to myself.
Sarah, after repeating the
sentence, and being
silent for a while:
I become sad and
cannot play anymore.
The coach then gives her a
remove all energy of the person watching me play the piano – out of
my personal space and send it into the Light.
after a long
silence, Sarah says:
music, not notes!
offers a logical, coherent, and easily grasped view of human
nature. In ancient Greek, Logos
means meaning, mind, word or teaching. In Logosynthesis it stands for
“meaning” as well as “word”. The Greek word Synthesis
means, “putting together” and refers, in our context, to the
integration of fragmented parts of a personality into an integrated
Self, in which all parts work harmoniously together.
not a coincidence that Logosynthesis is reminiscent of Viktor
Frankl’s model of Logotherapy. We start on the basis that people
are looking for meaning. Frankl was one of the first to include a
spiritual element into therapeutic work. Humans are body, mind and
soul – biological, psychological and spiritual beings. These three
aspects of our existence cannot be separated in everyday life. They
are, however, useful for looking at life in its complexity.
represents the aspect of physical survival; psychology stands for the
ability to actively create and fill this life; and spirituality
refers to the perceived meaning of existence. A higher Self, or
Essence, manifests as a person in the context of life on earth, with
a task of developing and growing in certain areas, and with the
potential to fulfil this task. The spiritual dimension of life can be
viewed under the following aspects:
contains our core qualities, and our task contains the challenges for
the life we’re currently living. Spirituality will also determine
the individually perceived connection between freedom and
responsibility. The meaning of life expands beyond the material world
and beyond our connection with life on earth, and under no
circumstances can it get lost. This meaning can only be derived from
the context of being a creature on earth. It will emerge and become
conscious from the interaction between Essence on one side and living
on earth on the other.
holds the view that suffering is primarily the result of unawareness
of Essence and of our challenges, our creative tasks. Healing will
happen automatically once we reconnect all parts of ourselves with
our awareness of Essence. This concept of healing differentiates
Logosynthesis from other forms of counselling and psychotherapy.
the moment of birth a child has experienced itself solely as an
indestructible, spiritual being – invulnerable, omnipotent and
immortal as described by Winnicott. In that moment when this
indestructible Essence meets the earth life system, the original self
is confronted with sensory experiences in a world, which knows the
biology of hurt, of pain and of death; a world which also knows the
psychology of fear and abandonment. The newborn baby very soon
experiences the limits of its physical influence on this new
environment. His mind will learn to perceive and interpret the world
through the senses, to understand it in the language of his/her
environment and to act with the help of the consciously controlled
this limitation of body and mind the awareness of the original
Essence gets lost to a large extent: The world has no actual language
for the soul. Our Essence and essential qualities will always be
there, but our life experiences will lead to pain and hurt. This
induces us to hand our fate over to those we perceive as powerful in
the context of our existence on earth, - our parents and those who
are mentally or socially superior to us: doctors, priests, teachers
and representatives of official institutions. All these have the
power to fulfil our physical and psychological needs for food,
shelter and affection. Intense sense experiences are stronger and
more urgent than the subtle notes of our Essence and their language.
Thus we lose more and more conscious access to our true self, to our
tension between the original self – in its quality of Essence –
and the earth life system parts of our all-encompassing awareness
become split off, or dissociated, and we generate images of the world
around us in an attempt to make more sense of it: imprints and
beginning, dissociated parts and introjects have their place, in as
much as they help to integrate our complex experiences of the world
and to enable us to predict what is going to happen. However, very
soon they start to prevent us from perceiving new events
appropriately and they become hindrances.
person can learn to react towards an aggressive remark by
withdrawing. A father being angry with his child will cause the
development of an angry image, an introject, in the child’s
personal space. The child will split part of his/her consciousness
off and create a dissociated part through this timid reaction. In
this dissociated part the child has lost knowledge of intrinsic
invulnerability. The next time the father gets angry this introject
is activated - and the child will react out of the archaic,
dissociated part and will not get caught unawares.
way the world becomes predictable at the cost of flexibility in
responding to the father’s angry outburst. If the grownup does not
resolve this developmental pattern it will prevail throughout his
life and restrict him in his responses to other adults. A boss
reacting abruptly towards a mistake will reactivate the father
introject and trigger an emotional freezing in archaic anxiety. In
our adult life we keep getting confronted with this kind of reaction,
which seems irrational, inadequate and incomprehensible.
patterns, these frozen worlds, consist of two parts:
introject gets activated whenever someone in our
surroundings displays behaviour similar to the person causing the
part repeats the
reaction of the person in the original, traumatic situation.
and dissociated parts belong together and cannot be separated. Many
schools of therapy perceive these patterns as cognitive structures
and try to dissolve them by either aiming to put the introjected
messages and people into perspective or by strengthening regressed,
Logosynthesis, we look at these dissociated parts and introjects from
a completely different viewpoint. We consider them as thought forms,
static, energy structures in space, which deny current reality and
prevent dialogue between the person and actual events in the
here-and-now. This understanding of dissociated parts and rigid
introjects as energy structures in three-dimensional space – as
opposed to abstract, cognitive parts of mind - is another crucial
difference between Logosynthesis and other schools of counselling and
frozen energy structures are just as real as the body and physical
space. In the eleven-dimensional universe developed by the physicist
William Tiller, they include three dimensions. Matter is only one
form of energy manifested: We return to Einstein’s E=mc².
It is easily possible to find these thought forms in space. We only
have to ask someone to remember a threatening or traumatizing event;
they will always know straight away where in the space the most
important people had been and these will still be seen in this
methods used in schools of therapy with a cognitive orientation allow
these parts to continue to exist. Transactional Analysis
distinguishes between groups of dissociated parts and introjects: The
‘I’ in the Child and the ‘I’ in the Parent are seen as
important parts of the personality. Not many TA practitioners work
explicitly towards an integrated Adult-I.
Logosynthesis, we take the energy of these frozen parts back to the
living self, and dissolve the frozen worlds entirely by removing
alien energies from the person’s body, and out of his/her personal
most important discovery in the emerging of Logosynthesis happened
during a session with a client, Lenore. She had been traumatized
after falling down stairs in a railway station and had a total
amnesia of this event even now, six years later. She was deeply
insecure, suffered from many physical symptoms, and was strangely
disorientated. Trying to put a key into a keyhole she would look for
the hole about 20 cm to the right from where it actually was. The
body from which she perceived her environment was in a different
place to her physical body. In her Swiss dialect she described this
as “being next to her shoes”. She reacted very fearfully when I
took her words literally and invited her to lead her energy body back
to her physical body. However she did attempt to do so and got
physically and emotionally very agitated for about 15 minutes. I
calmed her down and after that she was able for the first time to
describe the events of six years ago. She described precisely how,
early in the morning, she had been pushed down the stairs at the
railway station by a passer-by in a hurry and had stayed there for
some minutes frozen with cold and fear.
conclude that these energy structures – dissociated parts and
introjects – both exist in space. In another session Lenore
described her fear of an upcoming medical check-up. It turned out
very quickly that this fear had been caused by an introject –
caused by a professor who had treated her very roughly during a
previous check-up. The prospect of the next examination evoked the
frozen image of this professor close to her left ear. When I invited
her to remove this image from her personal space the fear of the
upcoming appointment vanished immediately and it took place without
Logosynthesis we assume that both dissociated parts and introjects
exist as energetic structures in three-dimensional space. This view
has not been explicitly advanced in other methods of healing, with
the exception of Rapid Eye Technology.
American psychotherapist Roger Callahan describes representations of
certain moments or aspects of a person’s life as energy structures,
thought fields, and he based his Thought Field Therapy (TFT) on this
assumption. A representation can consist of visual, auditory,
kinaesthetic or olfactory sense experiences. They trigger reflex
patterns of thought, feeling and behaviour. People react to their
colleagues as they did to schoolmates and siblings, and to their
superiors as to parents, teachers and priests. Such introjects and
dissociated parts transform present situations into former
environments or into the nuclear family. Both – past injuries and
positive experiences – are anticipated all over again.
world of grownups many people live almost entirely in their heads.
This means that they almost exclusively react to inner images and
hardly ever experience the value of authenticity, spontaneity and
flexibility. Oscar Wilde wrote: “Most people are different people.
Their thoughts are someone else’s opinions, their lives are
imitations, and their passion a quote”. We do not know any more who
really is in front of us, and all the time we are longing for lost
wholeness. Throughout history philosophers, priests, painters, poets
and singers have in their own way expressed this longing.
apparent loss of wholeness causes immense pain. However, because we
have no words for it, we tend to transfer this pain into our biology
or psychology. The body hurts, and mind seems to have needs or gets
involved in seemingly important tasks. However, in a tiny corner of
our mind we know that something is missing even if our material world
seems to fulfil all our needs.
allows our world to become more transparent. It enables us to
distinguish between self and others, between past and present.
Logosynthesis aids in realizing and dissolving old ingrained and
adapted thought forms and opens the path for the intention of our
Real Self, our Essence. Essence only has meaning in the here-and-now.
Past and future only exist in form of energy structures, thought
forms. They can be altered deliberately, as everyone who has been in
psychotherapy or supervision can confirm. In processing experiences,
changes in the perception of the past can change the way the person
sees future and vice versa. With regard to past and future there are
four different patterns influencing life in the here-and-now:
A past injury will cause people to expect similar injuries in the
present and will make them perceive people and surroundings accordingly.
and nostalgia: Positive experiences with people or circumstances have
not been let go and therefore present conditions are always seen in a
worse light than the remembered ones.
The future is perceived as unsafe and people expect hurt and injuries.
The own person’s own ability to fend off future threats is deemed as
insufficient to prevent the threatening situation from happening.
People expect others or circumstances to be kinder in the future than
in the present moment. One’s own ability to influence people and
circumstances actively towards a more positive outcome is possibly
patterns are associated with different ways of perceiving time. The
French psychotherapist Janet pictured our normal awareness of time as
a bell curve (diagram 1).
healthy mind will refer to a large extent to the immediate present.
Actual reality concerns us most. The immediate future and past are
also charged with emotional energy but to a lesser extent. The
distant future and events long gone are the least alive. But if a
highly emotionally charged event takes place the perception of time
shifts and becomes less whole. Memories of these events contain a
different time perspective: The person dissociates, and creates a
frozen world. Thoughts will move between time shortly before, during
and after the event. The person’s perception the event will freeze
on the time axis and actual reality will move further and further
away from it. We show this in diagram 2 by a second, red curve.
process leads to problems with people around us, and dissociation
goes on. An extremely traumatic experience can be such a burden that
other parts of the personality refuse to deal with the past events
and flee into the future. This happens when the actual here-and-now
reality is not interesting enough to repress the emotions caused by
the traumatic event. The person will then create an alternative world
in the future, in which traumatic events will not happen any more or
never have so. In that case a third curve appears on the time axis,
with focus on the future (the blue curve in diagram 3). This
dissociated image of the future can either be characterized by fear
or by hope. If fear is predominant the behaviour will show signs of
avoiding perceived dangers; if there is unrealistic hope, actual
situations may well be judged inadequately (Diagram 3).
there are two types of interventions in resolving dissociated parts:
and dissolve the dissociated aspects of the traumatic events themselves
– the Emotional Personality (the red curve in diagram 3)
on patterns in thoughts, feelings and behaviour that developed as a
consequence of traumatic events – the Apparently Normal Personality
(the blue curve in diagram 3).
the four basic dissociation patterns – trauma, grief, fear and
illusion – have been dissolved the individual, released from the
need to keep up old energy constructs, can turn his awareness and
energy towards the existential task in the here-and-now. The
individual can be released from his past burden and open up to the
flow of awareness in the here-and-now.
is a special form of avoiding emotions caused by unwelcome
experiences. We could call it state
way of coping with past
difficult experiences, easing their emotional consequences. However,
addiction denies the person’s responsibility in the here-and-now
and therefore also constitutes dissociated behaviour. In
Logosynthesis we concentrate on the affective, behavioural, and
cognitive consequences of past traumatic events, as well as on
inappropriate coping mechanisms.
surprisingly elegant and simple path of approaching this longed-for
wholeness step-by-step. In seemingly small “homeopathic” doses it
addresses the same issues other therapeutic methods focus on.
Logosynthesis has the advantage of being simple, clear and aesthetic:
it focuses only on the essential and substantial. In the frame of
Logosynthesis, development and change happen only through
re-establishing the individual’s connection with Essence, on the
background of our given circumstances. People learn to apply the
energy of body, mind and soul to their task in life.
empowers people to retrieve their split-off parts. These split-off
parts can be stuck in the past as well as compulsively focusing on
the future. People also learn to remove the energy of adopted values,
beliefs, emotions and behaviour patterns from their energy system and
from their personal space, back to where they were initially created
or where they can do no more harm. This allows the true self, the
unique Essence, to emerge.
order for this to happen we must realize that most of our emotions,
beliefs and thoughts are nothing but frozen thought forms we perceive
as real, and that we keep on re-activating these by giving them
energy. The first step towards healing is to retrieve our energy
through the power of the word, disconnecting it from symptoms,
emotions or beliefs. In a second step we return the energy of others,
which also is tied up in the frozen world connected with the symptom,
back to where it belongs. This, too, is done by the power of the
word. This needs an explanation.
addresses Essence directly through the power of the word itself. In
psychotherapy, counselling and coaching, that is a revolution. In
spiritual tradition, it’s not new at all. In history we can find
many examples of creative and magic acts performed through words.
Creation, healing and magic take place through words:
God said, Let
there be light
and there was light.
said to the crippled man, Rise,
take up your pallet, and walk. And at once the man was healed, and he took
up his pallet and walked.
Abracadabra, derived from the Aramaic Avrah ka dabra: “I create whilst speaking”.
counselling and psychotherapy methods remain in the field of biology
and psychology. They do not know the spoken word in its healing and
manifesting power. Language is used as an instrument to describe
reality and to indirectly influence one’s own world – through
conditioning, interpreting, trance, anchoring and cognitive
offers specific formats for healing through words. These methods
access the individual’s own path in life. Destructive thought forms
are dissolved and the energy bound up in them is immediately
available for the person in the here-and-now. This healing process
reaches the core: The resolution of frozen energy structures allows
the Real Self to emerge and express itself.
process of Logosynthesis has a tangible effect. After a successful
intervention the atmosphere in the room changes. It seems to become
quiet in a special way: the tragic sounds less intrusive, the
birdsong stronger. Silvia, a client who worked with her fear of an
upcoming operation, wrote after a session on a Friday:
is Sunday night by now, and I still have had neither another crying
fit nor an emotional
low since the
session yesterday afternoon. Fantastic! Occasionally I remember that
the operation is imminent, but nothing dramatic is happening any
more. I have the impression that the Logosynthesis phrases are still
floating in my body, establishing themselves. The process in my
perception is not complete yet, but the drama has gone. Normality and
facts take over.
the symptom the client works with, does not return. But it may well
happen that new aspects of dissociated parts come to the surface.
These can then be treated in similar ways. Every now and again the
process may not be comfortable, for two reasons:
silence that arises when familiar inner dialogues vanish can turn into
an oppressive emptiness. The blinding, deafening world of the
introjects falls away and familiar structures do not lend their support
any more. This emptiness can initially be threatening until the quiet
voice of Essence emerges from within that silence. Facing that
emptiness may trigger the next step in the process of Logosynthesis.
This process may go on for a while until the person has learned to
acknowledge the inner voice, Essence’s calling, and to apply it in
and other forms of guided
methods for change in coaching, supervision and psychotherapy
may seem quite different at first sight, but they have a lot of
similarities. In his book, Willem Lammers identified seven steps that
emerge as different stages in the process:
up and maintain a positive learning relationship. Change means loss of support structures, and
no matter how destructive these may be this will cause fear. In order
to dissolve these structures replacing them is essential.
A relationship in which the learner feels safe and may hope for
positive developments can compensate for the loss of safety. This
positive environment for change is created by Truax &
Carkhuff’s classic three factors, which have become well known through
Rogers: unconditional positive attention, accurate empathy, and
congruence. These three are essential for all counselling and therapy
methods. Logosynthesis is no exception.
People come into therapy showing a gap between their real state and the
state they would like to be in. Before it is possible to deal with the
client appropriately the therapist/counsellor needs to know about
his/her self-image, attitudes, beliefs, thoughts, emotions, behaviour
patterns, surroundings, and history. The information gathered by the
professional depends on the school he/she belongs to: A psychoanalyst
will be more interested in the client’s birth order, whereas a coach
will be more interested in tasks and relationships at the work place.
The focus in Logosynthesis will always be towards the rigid aspects in
the client’s frame of reference; here we find the dissociated states
and their disturbing introjects.
Contract on relevant issues. The professional will then filter out the main
aspects for change from the wealth of information given. This may well
be the most demanding task for the guide. He/she will have to explain
which issues are the most important for the client and if and how
possibilities for change can be achieved. Then the first step towards
this goal has to be worked out. In Logosynthesis, any issue is relevant
that is based on frozen perceptions, cut off from the here-and-now of
the client and his/her environment.
information that is necessary for change. Each school of change will offer clients
information about its own reference points as models to explain
processes. In Transactional Analysis three ego states will be used to
explain emotional and cognitive information. NLP specialists will point
out how information gets assimilated through vision, hearing,
kinaesthetic and olfactory senses. A practitioner of Logosynthesis will
share knowledge about dissociation and introjects as causes for human
the client’s issue to life in the room. For real change, the issue of the client must
be focused and brought into awareness in the consulting room to create
an opportunity to apply the method, without retraumazing the client by
overexposure. The Basic procedure in Logosynthesis identifies and
focuses specific introjects and dissociated parts in need of resolution
to get back in touch with Essence, and the client is invited to become
aware of the issue in the room.
Facilitate integration of experiences and
Once the issue has been crystallized and integrated into the framework
of the relevant school of therapy, specific interventions are used to
trigger change. Many professionals have believed for a long time, that
in order to be effective, these methods had to be verbally and
logically coherent. However, many new methods, like NLP, EMDR and the
energy-psychological techniques like BSFF and Emotrance have shown that
this is not the case. Logosynthesis assumes it’s possible to influence
a client’s thoughts and feelings through the power of words.
down the process of assimilation and integrate the new understanding. After assimilating an obvious transition needs
to be made, by which the focus has to be brought back from the inner
process to the outside. In Hypnotherapy the therapist will guide the
client out of the trance and tell a joke; in NLP a future pacing will
take place and in TA it is checked whether the contract has been
fulfilled. Depending on the result, the client’s energy level, and the
time, the same issue will be addressed again, a new one taken on, or
the session is taken to a close. All of these are also relevant for
the point of view of the above principles Logosynthesis is part of a
long tradition. Therefore its simplicity may seem deceptive: it only
works as long as the seven principles described above are taken into
account and applied meticulously.
Institute for Logosynthesis,
of the ias
Institute for the Application of the Social Sciences in Bad Ragaz,
Switzerland, now offers training, treatment and supervision in
Logosynthesis. It also publishes and distributes books on the subject
in different languages. You find a description of my book
– Change through
the magic of words
In German, Worte
a book on self-coaching with the help of Logosynthesis has recently
been published. At the time of publication of this article,
translations in different languages are on the way.
only takes a few days for professionals trained in coaching,
counselling and psychotherapy to get acquainted with the principles
of Logosynthesis. If you start using the method with clients, it’s
necessary to practice under supervision. The Practitioner curriculum
contains the following elements:
I seminar teaches the model, the principles underlying the method, and
the Basic Procedure. Trainees learn how to apply the methods to
themselves and in working with clients.
The Level II course focuses on a diagnostic
framework for the application of Logosynthesis, the Energy Octagon, on
instruments to monitor the treatment process, and on the application of
Logosynthesis in changing beliefs and in the treatment of trauma and
Supervision workshops teach methods to identify
issues of the client and to prepare the use of Basic Procedure. There
are also opportunities for supervision of your work with your own
Logosynthesis Live is a workshop to work on
your own personal issues. A trained professional leads you through the
steps of guided change with the help of Logosynthesis and helps you to
resolve your own frozen worlds.
After partipation in the workshops, the
professional writes a case study about an application of the method in
his daily practice.
programmes in different countries are published on website of the
The institute offers an intensive course in English each year in July
in Switzerland. The seminars are open to qualified professionals, and
also to advanced trainees in counselling, coaching, supervision and
from participants of a Level I training group:
and practical. Active thinking is stimulated!
of beautiful, promising work.
was able to integrate my personal experiences into the theoretical
have understood the meaning of the true self as source of options for
fascinating and inspiring concept, opening new paths. It also confuses
me, but fits into my need for simplicity and less complexity.
have found a language for my own perceptions.
material is very compact and deep.
rigorous theoretical background. The method has been taught well.
Empowering instead of displaying guru attitudes.
well-structured, usable introduction into the method. Room to practice.
The method is effective and is easy to learn.
letter from a
participant, Peter, a few months after:
have used Logosynthesis
a great deal
since doing the workshop with you in the summer, and have found it to
be remarkably effective with a wide range of issues.
particularly dramatic case was of a young woman with an extremely
intense lifelong phobia of blood, medical procedures and needles etc.
This was so severe that if needles or other fears were even talked
about, she would faint! Unfortunately this client had a number of
cysts in her lower spine, where they had been growing for several
years, but she was unable to undergo surgery because of her phobia,
in spite of increasing pain and disability.
initially used EFT and Emotrance to treat her widespread fears and by
all normal standards made good progress over seven sessions. However,
quite marked anxiety still remained, and on returning from your
workshop I introduced her to Logosynthesis. She repeated the
sentences only once, looked very confused and said ‘it’s gone’.
I being equally puzzled said 'What's gone?' She replied that
the fear had disappeared completely. She made the interesting
observation that with EFT, although the anxiety faded, she remained
uncertain whether it would really have improved when she faced the
real situation. However with Logosynthesis she knew with certainty
that it had gone. I must have spent a total of about 45 minutes
dealing with related issues connected with her phobia, and that was
all the treatment she received. I next heard that she has gone in to
hospital and had the cysts removed successfully. She came to see me a
couple of weeks ago to tell me of her experience. She said that
amazingly she had enjoyed the experience of going into hospital and
having surgery. By this she meant that to be able to do it was so
unimaginable prior to Logosynthesis that she felt pleased and
proud to be able to handle the experience like other people. I have
asked her to write an account of her experiences as she has some
interesting things to say.
Once again I am amazed at how these
processes can be so simple, yet effective.
Logosynthesis is a trademark of ias
AG and Willem Lammers. © 2008, the Institute for Logosynthesis™ and ias Institut für
angewandte Sozialwissenschaften AG (Institute for the Application of
the Social Sciences), Bristol, CH – 7310 Bad Ragaz. The use and free
distribution of this article in its present form in print or as a .pdf
file is permitted. If you quote this article or parts of it, please use
the URL reference http://www.iasag.ch/docs/artikel/intro.Logosynthesis.pdf. This address will
always contain the latest version. For information on presentations and
seminars of the materials described in this article please contact email@example.com.
Lammers (1950) is a clinical and social psychologist, a
psychotherapist, and a consultant to people and organizations. He is
also a certified Teaching and Supervising Transactional Analyst (TSTA).
In 1987 he founded the Institut für angewandte Sozialwissenschaften ias
AG, now in Bad Ragaz, Switzerland, and has a private practice for
psychotherapy, supervision and coaching. His teaching activities have
taken him to many countries. Mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Website: